EVOLVING SELF INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGE ON PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

 

Ummed Singh  

Opas Intarawong

 

INTRODUCTION

Twentieth century seems to be a period of revolution in the field of educational technology. Many researchers have emphasized the need for individualized instruction for developing each and every child as per his or her capabilities. The areas which have been given attention fall into the following categories : individualization of instruction, systematic development of instructional materials, tasks performed by the instructional designer and the design of the environment in which instruction takes place. The educators are aware of the significance of individual performance and, indeed, their concern with adapting to the needs of the student is a familiar theme which has been repeated over and over and again which provides the justification and basic premise for many current educational innovations and experiments. Mass instruction seems to be least effective method of instruction because pupils differ widely in readiness, potentiality, levels of development, skills and learning styles. Non-participating children usually do not know what they must do in order to learn. Every child is to be made an independent learner at whatever level his native endowment permits. Self-learning begins with the mass, but moves toward the individual through subgroups. Therefore, in order to make the student more active and his learning more effective, we have to introduce the concept of self-learning with education as ‘pupil-centered’ .It is usually found that the educational administrators, when join an educational institution as a raw hand or at any time of their administrative career, come across certain problems which they have to solve for the smooth running of their institutions. For lack of any systematic training in management and administration with special emphasis on decision making, they often find it quite difficult to take right and quick decisions. Unfortunately, our present system of teacher education does not provide for the training of educational administrators. When the problems suddenly appear before them , they take decisions instantaneously. It has also been observed that most of the educational administrators hesitate to take independent decisions. Either they look towards higher authorities or always seek the help of senior teachers in the schools. The present research work was taken up with the objective to develop self –instructional package for the training of educational administrators in personnel management.

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1. To  develop  self-instructional  package in the form of Computer slide show in Power point on selected two topics of ‘ Personnel  Management’ for B.Sc. students.  

2.  To  study  the  effectiveness  of  the  developed  self-instructional  packages on ‘Personnel Management’  for  the  B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institute Rambhaibarni , Chantaburi.

3. To  study  the  effectiveness  of  the  developed  self-instructional  packages on ‘Personnel Management’ for  the  B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institute Rambhaibarni ,  Rayong campus.

4.  To  study  the  effectiveness  of  the  developed  self-instructional  packages followed by discussion for the B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institute Rambhaibarni, Chantaburi.

5.  To  study  the  effectiveness  of  the  developed  self-instructional  packages followed by discussion for  the  B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institute Rambhaibarni, Rayong campus.

6.  To  study  the  effectiveness  of  the  developed  self-instructional  package with worksheet for  the  B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institute Rambhaibarni, Chantaburi.

7. To  study  the  effectiveness  of  the  developed  self-instructional  package with worksheet for  the  B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institute Rambhaibarni, Rayong campus.

8.  To compare the effectiveness of self-instructional package-1 developed on ‘Personnel Management’ and used for teaching in three different situation.

9.  To compare the effectiveness of self-instructional package-2 developed on ‘Personnel Management’ and used for teaching in three different situation.

10. To evaluate the self-instructional package developed on ‘Personnel Management’ by educational experts.

11. To get the opinions of the selected students of Chantaburi and Rayong campus regarding the developed self-instructional package on ‘Personnel Management’.

           

HYPOTHESES OF THE STUDY

1.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  pre  and  post-test  scores  obtained  after  the  treatment  of  Self-instructional  package  in  experimental  group- Ι .

2.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  pre  and  post-test  scores  obtained  after  the  treatment  of  Self-instructional  package followed by discussion  in  experimental  group- ΙI.

3.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  pre  and  post-test  scores  obtained  after  the  treatment  of  Self-instructional  package with worksheet  in  experimental  group- ΙII.

4.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  gain  scores  obtained  on  the  basis  of  pre  and  post criterion tests on B.Sc. students of    three Experimental groups for Package-1.

5.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  gain  scores  obtained  on  the  basis  of  pre  and  post criterion tests on B.Sc. students of    three Experimental groups for Package-2.

6.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  gain  scores  obtained  on  the  basis  of  pre  and  post criterion tests on B.Sc. students of   Chantaburi and Rayong campus for treatment-1.

7.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  gain  scores  obtained  on  the  basis  of  pre  and  post criterion tests on B.Sc. students of   Chantaburi and Rayong campus for treatment-2.

8.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  between  the  mean  gain  scores  obtained  on  the  basis  of  pre  and  post criterion tests on B.Sc. students of   Chantaburi and Rayong campus for treatment-3.

9.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level between the  means of post test and Retention test ( taken after one month of the experiment ) scores for Experimental group-1.

10.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level between the  means of post test and Retention test ( taken after one month of the experiment ) scores for Experimental group-2.

11.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level between the  means of post test and Retention test ( taken after one month of the experiment ) scores for Experimental group-3.

12.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  among  the  mean     Retention  test scores  of three Experimental  groups taken after one month of the experiment for package-1.

13.  There  will  be  no  significant  difference  at  0.01  level  among  the  mean     Retention  test scores  of three Experimental  groups taken after one month of the experiment for package-2.

14.  There  will  be  no  favourable  opinions  of  the  majority ( 80 percent)  of  the  trainees  about  the  developed  self-instructional package  on selected two topics of  ‘Personnel  Management’.

 

DESIGN OF THE STUDY

For providing teaching one group Pre Test- Treatment- Post test design was followed. At first Pre test based on content was administered. After Pre-test three Treatments were given in three Experimental groups differently. Then to know the impact and effectiveness of the treatment Post test was administer and influence of treatment is evaluated through gain score analysis. Therefore, research design for present study was : Single Group Pre test – Treatment – Post test Design with Replication.

 

Sample

180 Students studying B.Sc course in Rajabhat Institute Rambhai barni , Chanta buri and 180 students studying B.Sc. course in Rajabhat Rambhai barni , Rayong Campus  formed the sample for the present study.

 

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PACKAGE

In order to develop a Self-instructional package on “ Personnel   Management ” following steps were followed :Need Assessment of the Training; Determination of Training Objectives; Selection and Organisation of content of the Training; Selection of Methods and Tools required for Package; Plan for Execution; Plan for Evaluation; and Finalization of Training Programme Package. 

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF VARIOUS TASKS INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PACKAGE

Steps Involved in the Evolving a   Package and Activities done in each step were as follows:

1. Need Assessment of the Training:                              Conducting Need Assessment Test

2. Setting the Objectives:

Analysis of the objectives from the trainer’s

point of view, from the participants’ point of

view and deciding the objectives of the training

programme in each phase.  

3. Selection and Organisation of content of the Training:

Content Analysis; Preparation of Trainer’s Manual; Preparation of Trainees Manual

4. Selection of Methods and Tools required for training Package:

Deciding the Objectives of the Training Programme; Finalization of activities for each traits in Training Programme; Selection of Tools and Resources required for a Training Programme; Selection of the Methods of Instruction.

5. Plan for Execution:

Deciding the time of execution of the Training Programme.

6. Plan for Evaluation:

Finalization of the aspects to be evaluated in Trainer’s Manual, Trainees manual and Activities

7. Finalisation of Training Programme Package:  Analysis of the responses of the B.Sc. students for the Statements asked in the Trainees Manual Check List, Activities evaluation Check list.

           

In the present study in order to collect data Self-instructional package in the form of slide show in power point, worksheet, criterion tests, evaluation sheet for experts and opinionnaire were developed by the investigators. Significance of the difference between pre and post test scores for the experimental groups were computed by finding out‘t’ ratio for the two correlated means. Whereas the significance of the difference among gain scores obtained on the basis of pre and post criterion tests by three experimental groups were computed by analysis of variance. The opinions of the students about the self-instructional package were computed by finding out the percentage and chi-square. The whole data were analysed on computer through SPSS-package to maintain the accuracy of calculations.

 

MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

1. The study has resulted in the development of Self-instructional packages on selected two topics of ‘Personnel Management’ for self- learning of the B.Sc. students of Rajabhat Institue, Rambhai barni .

2.  The developed Self-instructional packages on ‘Personnel Management’ were found significantly effective in learning by the B.Sc. students of Chantaburi and Rayong campus.

3. The developed Self-instructional packages with worksheet on ‘Personnel Management’ were found significantly effective in learning by the B.Sc. students of Chantaburi and Rayong campus

4. The developed Self-instructional packages on ‘Personnel Management’ followed by discussion were found significantly effective in learning by the B.Sc. students of Chantaburi and Rayong campus.

5. The packages were qualitatively evaluated by the students with the help of an opinionnaire. The majority of the students found the packages knowledgeable, informative, systematic and interesting. Some of the students pointed out few limitations related to the quality of conversations and visuals. Majority of the students liked and enjoyed learning through self-instructional package. They were also shown their interest to use such packages in future for other subjects too.

6. All the experts under qualitative evaluation of the package found the theme and sequence of slides very appropriate. They differed on visual aspects and narration. In spite of some limitations, experts evaluated the package as an appreciable attempt.

 

EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY

Self-instructional package holds great potential for individual as well as group learning if properly and systematically developed in accordance with the needs of the learners. By such package one can learn at his own pace with immediate personalized feed back and knowledge of progress.The result of present study indicates that teacher made instructional package based on their student needs can be used effectively for teaching and providing information to the learners. Therefore , such more attempts should be taken for some other important subjects and topics as per the needs of the clients.The study has also implications for administrators , principals , teachers and students for better planning the teaching learning process.