TEACHER EDUCATION IN MADHYA PRADESH
The State of Madhya
Pradesh (M.P.) came into existence on 1st Nov, 1956 as a result of the merging together
of the erstwhile States of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya
M. Ed. Course
RIE Bhopal provides M.Ed. (Elementary) course that prepares teachers educators for the teacher training institutes at elementary level. Its duration is one academic session (in two semesters) covering Principles and Problems of Elementary Education, Psychology of Elementary School Learners, Methods of Educational Research, Statistics in Educational Research, Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), Non-formal Education (NFE) and Alternative Schooling as Special Papers). Planning and Management of Elementary Education, Core Foundation Courses- Sociological perspectives of Elementary Education, Psychology of learning, etc. There is a growing need of teacher-educators at elementary level teacher training institutes which are well versed in imparting training with excellence. M.Ed. in elementary education may be started in all the colleges of education as quality education at elementary level are crucial to educational development at all levels of training and learning. There are also M. Ed. Courses in a few other institutions which prepare educators for B. Ed colleges. M. Ed. in Special Education may be introduced in selected colleges and University Departments of Education.
B. Ed. Course
The number of colleges offering One Year B.Ed. course in the State
has crossed 300 during 2006-2007. Such increase in number is unprecedented. Thre is also a Two Year B. Ed. course at Regional Institute
of Education, Bhoopal. This Institute also runs Four Year Integrated B. Sc, B. Ed.
course. Four Year Integrated B.Ed
courses in Sciences, Social Science and Languages may be introduced in
Diploma Education (D. Ed.) Course
There are 38 DIETs in the State covering all the Districts. Since most of the pass-outs from DIETs shall seek their teaching career in primary schools located in rural and tribal areas in particular, it is suggested that 60% time schedule should be on teaching-practice in rural and tribal area schools. There should be 60% weightage on practice teaching . There should be provision for One Year Special Course of Training in Educational Technology, Educational Developments and Research as to enable to pass outs of DIETs to serve as Educational Supervisors and Counsellers. Board of Secondary Education, Madhya Pradesh is running D. Ed. Course comprising two academic sessions. It is a regular course. Private recognized colleges are running this course. Although the Board has laid down specific conditions for the opening of D. Ed. the supervisory role lies with the Education Officers. How to ensure quality Education in D. Ed. needs to be examined.
Pre-Primary Teacher Training
Every year new pre- primary schools are emerging. Their number has become almost uncountable for the reason that they need no permission; only registration of the society is enough. Pre-primary teacher training institution may be opened in every district. DIETs may also be given the responsibility of these training courses. Teachers may be trained in activity based teaching-learning processes and practices. Quality in ECE and child - centered education be emphasized.
Research is crucial to all educational development programmes including teacher education. Teacher education in the state is growing very fast. Expansion with quality is the need of the hour. NCTE and the Govt. of M.P. should initiate steps to ensure quality at every level of teacher education. M. Ed. and B.Ed. in Elementary Education may be introduced. Universities and Govt of M.P. may initiate early action. Ph.D. in Education may be made compulsory for the educators in M. Ed. & B.Ed. colleges