TEACHER EDUCATION IN MADHYA PRADESH

                                                                                                           

Asha Shukla

INTRODUCTION

The State of Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) came into existence on 1st Nov, 1956 as a result of the merging together of the erstwhile States of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal alongwith the old M.P. and Sironj Subdivision of the Rajasthan Province. The State  has recorded phenomenon growth of teacher training institutions. NCERT(Regional Institute of Education), State Centre of Education, University Departments of Education,  Colleges of Education,  M.P. Bhoj (Open) University, Rehabilitation Council of India, IGNOU, DIETs and teacher training institutes  are promoting teacher education in the State. Regional Institute of Education, (RIE), Bhopal takes  teacher- trainees from  the States of Chhatisgarh, Goa, Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra and UTs of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and  Daman and Diu.

 

M. Ed. Course

RIE Bhopal provides M.Ed. (Elementary)  course that prepares teachers educators for the teacher training institutes at elementary level.  Its duration is one academic session (in two semesters) covering Principles and Problems of Elementary Education, Psychology of Elementary School Learners, Methods of Educational Research, Statistics in Educational Research, Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), Non-formal Education (NFE) and Alternative Schooling as Special Papers). Planning and Management of Elementary Education, Core Foundation Courses- Sociological perspectives of Elementary Education, Psychology of learning, etc. There is a growing need of teacher-educators at elementary level teacher training institutes which are well versed in imparting training with excellence. M.Ed. in elementary education may be started in all the colleges of education as quality education at elementary level are crucial to educational development at all levels of training and learning. There are also M. Ed. Courses in a few other institutions which  prepare  educators for B. Ed colleges.   M. Ed.  in Special Education may be introduced in selected colleges  and  University Departments  of Education.

 

B. Ed. Course

The number of colleges offering One Year B.Ed.  course  in the State has crossed 300 during 2006-2007. Such increase in number is unprecedented. Thre is also a Two Year B. Ed. course at Regional Institute of Education, Bhoopal.  This Institute also runs  Four Year Integrated B. Sc, B. Ed. course.  Four Year Integrated B.Ed courses in Sciences, Social Science and Languages may be introduced in Govt. Colleges of Education and University Departments  of Education. B.Ed course be made two year (two academic sessions) course with equal emphasis on content and methodology coupled with research in teaching and learning processes. NCTE should ensure quality in teacher education by making Ph. D. (Education) compulsory for educators  of B.Ed. colleges. Special Education should be introduced in B.Ed. and Diploma courses as one of the core subjects. Since a  good number of B. Ed. colleges are functioning in the State, B.Ed. (Correspondence Course) needs to be reviewed.

 

Diploma Education (D. Ed.) Course

There are 38 DIETs in the State covering all the Districts. Since most of the pass-outs from DIETs shall seek their teaching career in primary schools located in rural and tribal areas in particular, it is suggested that 60% time schedule should be on teaching-practice in rural and tribal area schools. There should be 60% weightage on practice teaching .  There should be provision for One Year Special Course of Training in Educational Technology, Educational Developments and Research as to enable to pass outs of DIETs  to serve as Educational Supervisors and Counsellers. Board of Secondary Education, Madhya Pradesh is running D. Ed.  Course comprising two academic sessions. It is a regular course. Private recognized colleges are running this course. Although the Board has laid down specific conditions for the opening of D. Ed. the supervisory role lies with the Education Officers. How to ensure quality Education in D. Ed. needs to be examined.

 

Pre-Primary Teacher Training

Every year new pre- primary schools are emerging. Their number has become almost uncountable for the reason that they need no permission; only registration of the society is enough. Pre-primary teacher training institution may be opened in every district. DIETs may also be given the responsibility of these training courses. Teachers may be trained in activity based teaching-learning processes and practices. Quality in ECE and child - centered education be emphasized.

 

CONCLUSION

Research is crucial to all educational development programmes including teacher education. Teacher education in the state is growing very fast. Expansion with quality is the need of the hour. NCTE and the  Govt. of M.P. should initiate steps to ensure quality at every  level of  teacher education. M. Ed. and B.Ed. in Elementary Education may be introduced. Universities and Govt of M.P. may initiate early action. Ph.D. in Education may be made compulsory for the educators in M. Ed. & B.Ed. colleges