IMPACT OF AGE AND FAMILY TYPE ON EMOTIONAL MATURITY OF URBAN ADOLESCENT GIRLS
In the present circumstances, youth as well as children are facing difficulties in life. These difficulties are giving rise to many psychosomatic problems such as anxiety, tensions, frustrations and emotional upsets in day to day life. So, the study of emotional life is now emerging as a descriptive science, comparable with anatomy. It deals with interplay of forces with intensities and quantities. Emotional maturity is not only the effective determinant of personality pattern, but it also helps to control the growth of adolescents development. The concept ‘Mature’ emotional behaviour of any level is that which reflects the fruits of normal emotional development. A person who is able to keep his emotions under control, who is able to broke delay and to suffer without self pity, might still be emotionally stunned and childish. According to Walter et.al. (1976) emotional maturity is a process in which the personality is continuously striving for greater sense of emotional health, both intra-psychically and intra personality. Emotional stability is one of the seventh important indicators of mental health. It simply means being grown up so that one may be able to personally manage his/her desires and feelings and may be better able to cope up the adverse life situations in a most benefiting and socially approved manner. The most outstanding mark of emotional maturity is ability to bear tension. The emotionally mature is not one who
necessarily has resolved all conditions that aroused anxiety and hospitability but it is continuously in process of seeing himself/herself in clearer perspective, continually involved in a struggle to gain healthy integration of feeling and thinking action. Adolescence is the period of heightened emotionality. It is the most demanding periods in one’s life- a period of storm and stress because accurate portrayal of self to others, which is an identifying criterion of healthy personality, is in the process of establishment during this period. Considering this stage as a crucial, stage of emotionality, the present study was planned with an objective to study the impact of age and family type on emotional maturity of urban adolescent girls.
The study was conducted on sixty randomly selected college going adolescent girls falling in the age range of 17-22 yrs. The subjects were further divided into two groups (30 each) and equal number of girls was taken in both the age groups i.e. 17-19 yrs and 20 to 22 yrs. Three point scale was used for answering the questions i.e. very much, much and never. The items were so stated that if the answer was in positive, i.e. very much, a score of 3 was given and for much, score 2 was given and for negative answer i.e. never a score of 1 was awarded. Therefore, the higher the score on the scale, the greater the degree of emotional immaturity and vice versa.
It was satisfying to note that there was no illiterate father in both the age groups. Majority of fathers i.e. 41.66% were graduates and 25% were post-graduates. 28.33% were either matriculate or above. Regarding mothers’ education, no mother was found to be illiterate and 46.66 % were graduate followed by matriculates and above (41.66%). 66.66% of adolescent girls belonged to nuclear family, where as a small percentage of 33.33% belonged to joint family. It was surprising to note that 46.66% of younger adolescent girls were found to be emotionally stable than the older ones (40%). A drastic difference was observed in moderately stable category of the two groups, older girls scored higher (46.66%), whereas just 30% fell in this category belonging to younger group. No respondent of older group fell in the category of extremely unstable, whereas 3.34 per cent girls were there in this category belonging to younger group. Emotional unstability was less in older group as compared to younger ones. It was interesting to note that no girl was found to be placed in extremely unstable category in the older group, whereas 3.33% girls were there in extremely unstable category belonging to younger group. Results indicated that 60% of girls belonging to joint family fell in 1st category i.e. emotional stability, whereas just 45% girls belonging to nuclear family were in this category. On the other hand, more percentage of girls of nuclear families scored higher than the other group and were placed in moderately stable category. It was very much satisfying to note that very less percentage of girls belonging to joint family were placed in unstable categories of emotional maturity. The percentage of unstability was quite high in adolescents of nuclear family. No girl was found to be extremely unstable in joint family system, whereas 2.5% of girls were there in nuclear family.
From the above results it is very clear that type of family definite has impact on emotional maturity. Joint family system has a positive impact on emotionality because maximum percentage of girls was found to be stable and no girl was found to be externally unstable in the joint family. It might be due to the reason that in joint family system, there are more members in the family wherein there are more chances of disclosure of pent up emotions, there are more number of adults advising young ones during their stressful period where as such intimacy is not found in nuclear family, where the number of family members is very less and majority of mothers are working. It can be concluded from the results that emotional maturity is affected by age, as adolescents grow in age there comes more stability in their emotions. Level of unstability and extremely unstability decrease with increase in age. Joint family system plays a significant role in emotional maturity and stability of adolescent girls.
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