AWARENESS ABOUT POPULATION PROBLEM AMONG SCIENCE AND ARTS STUDENT TEACHERS

                                                                     Ranu Joshi

 

INTRODUCTION

Population education is broadly defined as an educational intervention aimed at helping individuals in understanding the interrelationship between population and development, in appreciating the determinants and consequences of population processes and changes, and  in assessing the possible actions that they and their respective families and communities can take to modify these processes and  in carrying out selected actions. It is the educational process in which a basic awareness about population problems and favourable attitudes towards a small family size are developed. The teacher educators, the teachers who are already in the schools and the future teachers need to be oriented to the population problem that the country is facing today and which is likely to become even more critical within next few decades. The student teachers are the pivots of social structure, so it becomes utmost important to analyse their level of awareness first. Further it is generally accepted that the students with science background are better aware regarding the population explosion problems as compared to the students with arts background. Hence ithe need  to study the difference in the level of awareness regarding population problem between the science and arts student teachers.

 

 

OBJECTIVES

1. To study the level of awareness regarding population problem among science student teachers;

2. To study the level of awareness regarding population problem  among arts student teachers;

3. To compare the level of awareness regarding population problem between science and arts student teachers.

 

HYPOTHESES

1. There is general population problem awareness among student teachers;

2. There exists a difference of the population problem awareness between   science and arts student teachers.

 

METHOD

Tools

The tool of research for this study was a self-made questionnaire. The questions were related to different problems that have emerged due to increase in population. There were items to analyse the awareness about different problems that have emerged due to rapid population growth, such as poverty, unemployment, shortage of food articles, pollution, deforestation, urbanization, illiteracy, depleting natural resources, migration of youth, declining values and quality of life. Few items dealt with measures to control population growth like, small family norms, late marriage of girls and boys, birth control measures, population education, and raising the status of women. .  

 

Sample

A sample of 160 student teachers had been contacted - 80 student teachers were of science stream and 80 were of arts stream. For this purpose, the investigator visited  four Colleges of Education.

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

It was found that the percentage score in case of all the variables was more than 50%. Hence, it can be concluded that the respondents possessed at least average population problem awareness. Hence, hypothesis 1 that there is general population problem among student teachers was accepted. Critical Ratio (C.R.) obtained was 3.19. The value of C.R. at 0.01 level of significance is 2.58. As the value of C.R. exceeded the C.R. at 0.01 level of significance, it can be concluded that the mean difference of population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers was significant.  Hence, the second hypothesis, “There exists a significant difference of the population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers” was accepted.  An average level of awareness was found among student teachers. The level of awareness regarding population problem in student teachers of science stream was found to be higher than the level of awareness in student teachers of arts stream. A significant difference was found regarding population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers. The mean score of science student teachers was more than mean score of arts student teachers.

 

CONCLUSION

Population growth in India is a matter of serious concern and various methods have been suggested to control it. It has to start at grass-root level to tackle this huge problem. A major step towards solution of the problem is to make the young generation highly aware of the current demographic trends, causes of population growth, consequences of rapid population growth, which India is facing, and methods of population control. They should realize the importance of small family size norm. The young people can be made conscious of the dynamics of population growth and its implications for their own well being and that of the nation, through schools, colleges and non-formal education. So to create a basic awareness about population problems, population education should be introduced in school curriculum. The responsibility of making the young people aware of population problems lies with the teachers. So the teachers at the various levels should be oriented and made aware of complex population problems. Various seminars and extension lectures on population education should be organised to make the  student teachers more aware of population problems.