AWARENESS ABOUT POPULATION PROBLEM AMONG SCIENCE AND ARTS STUDENT TEACHERS
Population education is broadly defined as an educational intervention aimed at helping individuals in understanding the interrelationship between population and development, in appreciating the determinants and consequences of population processes and changes, and in assessing the possible actions that they and their respective families and communities can take to modify these processes and in carrying out selected actions. It is the educational process in which a basic awareness about population problems and favourable attitudes towards a small family size are developed. The teacher educators, the teachers who are already in the schools and the future teachers need to be oriented to the population problem that the country is facing today and which is likely to become even more critical within next few decades. The student teachers are the pivots of social structure, so it becomes utmost important to analyse their level of awareness first. Further it is generally accepted that the students with science background are better aware regarding the population explosion problems as compared to the students with arts background. Hence ithe need to study the difference in the level of awareness regarding population problem between the science and arts student teachers.
1. To study the level of awareness regarding population problem among science student teachers;
2. To study the level of awareness regarding population problem among arts student teachers;
3. To compare the level of awareness regarding population problem between science and arts student teachers.
1. There is general population problem awareness among student teachers;
2. There exists a difference of the population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers.
The tool of research for this study was a self-made questionnaire. The questions were related to different problems that have emerged due to increase in population. There were items to analyse the awareness about different problems that have emerged due to rapid population growth, such as poverty, unemployment, shortage of food articles, pollution, deforestation, urbanization, illiteracy, depleting natural resources, migration of youth, declining values and quality of life. Few items dealt with measures to control population growth like, small family norms, late marriage of girls and boys, birth control measures, population education, and raising the status of women. .
A sample of 160 student teachers had been contacted - 80 student teachers were of science stream and 80 were of arts stream. For this purpose, the investigator visited four Colleges of Education.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
It was found that the percentage score in case of all the variables was more than 50%. Hence, it can be concluded that the respondents possessed at least average population problem awareness. Hence, hypothesis 1 that there is general population problem among student teachers was accepted. Critical Ratio (C.R.) obtained was 3.19. The value of C.R. at 0.01 level of significance is 2.58. As the value of C.R. exceeded the C.R. at 0.01 level of significance, it can be concluded that the mean difference of population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers was significant. Hence, the second hypothesis, “There exists a significant difference of the population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers” was accepted. An average level of awareness was found among student teachers. The level of awareness regarding population problem in student teachers of science stream was found to be higher than the level of awareness in student teachers of arts stream. A significant difference was found regarding population problem awareness between science and arts student teachers. The mean score of science student teachers was more than mean score of arts student teachers.
Population growth in