REFLECTIONS ABOUT THE CAL PROGRAMME IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CLASSROOMS
Viththalbhai V. Chaudhary
Pankaj M. Desai
The introduction of
information technology in the field of education has brought about a revolution
in the field of teaching – learning process. The computers have become more
accessible in the schools. The introduction of computers has changed the
definition of classroom instruction.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has
implemented the CAL (Computer Assisted Learning) programme in elementary
RATIONALE OF THE STUDY
As part of SSA initiative,
in Valsad district of
1. To study the opinions of
the students of elementary school about the
2. To study the reflections
of the elementary school teachers about the
3. To study the reflections
of the CRCCs about the
This study comes under descriptive research and therefore, survey method has been employed.
2. Documents - The government circulars, the CDs, the hard copy;
3. The opinionnaire for studying the responses of the teachers and students; and
4. Interview schedules for teachers and CRCCs (Cluster Resource Centre Coordinators).
The sample for the present
study was selected from the elementary schools of Valsad district, having
Collection of Data
The data for the present study were collected in the month of December 2005. The researchers took the permission of the District Project Office and related CRCCs. The documents related to the programme were collected from the district office and studied thoroughly. Researchers visited the schools on working days and observed the teaching learning process related to the programme. The opinionnaire was administered on students. The responses of teachers on opinionnaire were collected on the days of their regular meetings. Interviews with the teachers and the CRCCs were arranged on working days as well as on holidays.
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
The opinionnaire had 25
statements having responses on three points - agree, neutral and disagree.
Frequency of the responses of the students and teachers were found for each
statement. The data so gathered were analysed using X2- test.
Teachers were not satisfied with the facilities of electricity, while students did not have any significant
opinion on this statement. The opinions of students and teachers about the
furniture facility were significantly satisfactory. They agreed that there was
no separate provision for
The CRCCs and teachers
showed a positive attitude for their cluster and schools being selected for the
project. Teachers got the training for 10 days at nearby places and the CDs and
introductory book were provided. During and after the training, the teachers
realized the amount of responsibility they had to carry on their shoulders. 22%
of the trained teachers accepted the necessity of the
The success of a programme
can be gauged by the impact it could make on the system. The survey of above responses reveals on the
whole a satisfactory picture. The
More schools should be covered under this programme. LCD projectors should be provided to the CRCs. Basic facilities like furniture and fans and lights should be provided to schools. Teachers should be given an intensive training for not only operating computers but also for preparing instructional material. Students of fifth standard can be given training for operating computers so that they can be self-learners in future. A teacher in each school should be free from other responsibilities and administrative works to manage the programme effectively. There should be proper power supply and better service facilities for the maintenance of computers.