ATTITUDE OF UNDER, NORMAL AND OVER-ACHIEVERS   TOWARDS TEACHING PROFESSION AND THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT

 

A. Selvaraj Gnanaguru

M.Suresh Kumar

 

INTRODUCTION

Education is the foundation stone of nation’s intellectual power. This paper aims to study the under, normal and over-achiever’s attitude towards teaching and their home environment.

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1. To study the attitude of over-achievers, normal achievers and under-achievers towards teaching profession;

2. To study the home environment of over-achievers, normal achievers and under-achievers;

3.To study the significance of the relationship between over, normal and under-achiever’s attitude towards teaching and their home environment.

 

HYPOTHESES

1. The under, normal and over-achievers have favourable attitude towards teaching;

2. The under, normal and over-achievers have satisfactory home environment;

3. There is significant relationship between the over, normal and under-achiever’s attitude towards teaching profession and their home environment.

 

METHOD

The present investigation was undertaken by

using normative survey method.

 

 

Sample

The sample for the present study consisted of 892 randomly selected B. Ed. students from the B. Ed. colleges in Cuddalore and Nagappattinam Districts of Tamilnadu State. There were 252 under-achievers (28.3%), 460 normal achievers (51.6%) and 180 over achievers (20.2%). The under, normal and over-achievers were identified with the help of regression equation (intelligent score and achievement score).

 

Tools

Group Test of Intelligence:

This test consisted of five subtests among which two were verbal and three were nonverbal. There were 100 questions split into 5 sections, each having 20 questions, each carrying one mark for the correct one. There were four alternative responses expect verbal classification. It has five alternatives. The total score in all the five tests was taken as a measure of intelligence.  The reliability of the tests was calculated by split half method. It was found to be 0.82 for the half test and 0.09 for the full test.

 

Achievement Test for B. Ed. Students:

This test consisted of 50 questions in two different parts. Part A consisted of 25 questions from the core subjects of B.Ed. curriculum and part B consisted of 25 questions from the teaching skills. Each item had four alternatives. Maximum score for this test was 50. The reliability of the tool was 0.72 found by test-retest method.

 

Attitude towards teaching profession:

This scale consisted of 48 items with five alternatives i.e. strongly agree, agree, undecided, disagree and strongly disagree. Maximum score for this scale was 240 and minimum score was 48. The reliability of the tool was  0.77 by split half method and 0.65 in test retest method.

 

Home Environment questionnaire:

This questionnaire consisted of 32 questions with two responses ‘yes’ or ‘No’. The response ‘Yes’ carried a score of one and the responses’ No’ carried zero mark. The reliability of the tool was  0.89 by split half method.

 

Statistical techniques used

Statistical techniques used to analysing the data were:  descriptive analysis- mean and standard deviation and correlation analysis - coefficient of correlation (r)

 

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

The mean scores of under, normal and over-achievers in attitude scale were found to be 106.85, 130.98, and 168.26 respectively and their mean scores in home environment were found to be 19.82, 22.86 and 24.78 respectively. The mean scores of normal and over-achievers in attitude scale indicated that they had favourable attitude towards teaching but the under-achievers had unfavourable attitude towards teaching. The home environment score indicated that the under-achievers had average level of home environment but the normal and over-achievers had satisfactory home environment. The mean score of total sample in attitude scale was 131.69 indicating favourable attitude towards teaching profession. The score in home environment was 22.39 indicating satisfactory level of home environment. The computed ‘r’ value for the total sample was 0.297, which was significant at 0.05 level. Therefore, it is concluded that there is significant relationship between B. Ed. student’s attitude towards teaching and their home environment. The computed ‘r’ values of under, normal and over-achievers were found to be 0.103, 0.069 and 0.061. These values were not significant at 0.05 level. Therefore, it is inferred that there is no significant relationship between the under, normal and over-achiever’s attitude towards teaching and their home environment.

 

CONCLUSION

The normal and over-achievers have favourable attitude towards teaching but the under-achievers have unfavourable attitude towards teaching.  The normal and over-achievers have satisfactory level of home environment but the under-achievers have average level of home environment. There is significant relationship between the B.Ed. students’ attitude towards teaching profession and their home environment. Unfavourable attitude towards teaching and satisfactory home environment may be the reason for discrepancy between performance and proficiency of under achievers. Normal and over-achievers have favourable attitude towards teaching and extrovert type of personality. By providing proper motivation, the students can develop positive attitude and behaviour.