TEACHER EDUCATION IN MANIPUR
early as in 1906, the need for giving training to the teachers was felt in
Manipur. During that time, the Department of Education organized a training
course for teachers which was of 4 months duration for
the improvement of the method of teaching.
Twenty primary school teachers attended the course. This was the beginning of teacher education
in Manipur. Imparting training to
secondary school teacher began in the year 1928, when one of the teachers of
SECONDARY TEACHER EDUCATION
Teacher Education programmes (B. Ed. Courses) are provided by 5 colleges of teacher
education. The course pattern is as follows: Part A consists of core papers: I:
Teacher in Emerging Indian Society; II:
Development of Learner and Teaching-Learning Process; III: Development of Education in
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHER EDUCATION
Elementary School Teacher Education is done in District Institute Education and Training (DIET). There are as many as 8 (eight) DIETs in Manipur. These DIETs play a very important role in providing quality teacher’s education. District Institute of Education and Training (DIETs) are under the control of SCERT. Primary Schools teacher working in the institutions in different districts of Manipur can join the in-service teacher training programmes conducted by DIETs. The aim of DIET is to provide the latest methods of teaching and learning. Since information technology is included in the new syllabus and text books for class I-V have been introduced from the session in 2004-2005 and the teachers are to be oriented to acquaint them the knowledge of teaching new text books. The Course is divided into three major curricular areas. Foundation Course – 2 papers of 100 marks each -Education in Emerging India and Educational Psychology. Stage Relevant Specialization (6 papers of 100 marks each (I –V I) and 3 papers of 50 marks each (VII-IX) - Teacher Functions at the Elementary stages, Teaching of English; Mother Tongue (Manipuri) or Non-Formal Education; Mathematics; Environmental Studies I (Social Studies); Environmental Studies II (Science); Health and Physical Education; Art Education; and Work Experience. (C) Practicum consists of Practice of Teaching Skills (Micro-Teaching approach) – 40 marks; Internship in Teaching – 50 marks; Observation of lessons – 10 marks; and Final practice teaching of one lesson – 50 marks.
Some of the common problems faced by the DIETs are related to: Manpower, finance, non-availability of teacher educators. Many employees are under contract basis. Another problem is non-payment of Salaries regularly to the employees of DIETs working on contract basis. There are 154 Block Resource Centres (RBCs), 156 Cluster Resources Centres (CRCs) functioning under the direct control of SCERT, SSA and DIETs respectively.
Pre-Primary Teacher Education programme in Manipur is at the initial stage. The training centres run by the State Government and NGOs give on-job training courses to Anganwadi workers and helpers. The Central Social Welfare Board also organizes Orientation courses at regular intervals for the benefit of Anganwadi helpers. There are more than 7 (seven) pre-primary teacher training institute in Manipur which are under the control of private agency. These institutions are developing day by day and contributing a lot in the field of pre-primary education.
Preparation of well equipped and qualified teachers is must for brighter future of Manipur. In the context of present society, peace is the most important objectives of the human beings. It is a must for all the developmental activities in any society. Thus it seems pertinent that peace education be incorporated in the teacher education curriculum to train the would be teachers to teach school students about peace. Again for promoting the principles of ‘Inclusive education’ special education should also be added in the curriculum of Teacher Education Programme. Moreover, in order to develop professionalism among teacher trainees the duration of B.Ed training programme may be enhanced to two academic sessions.