EFFECTIVENESS OF THE DEVELOPED EXAMINATION RESULT

MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE FOR IOE, DAVV IN TERMS OF USER’S REACTION

 

S. K. Tyagi

Karuna Tiwari

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is emerging as a key factor in bringing about changes in the sphere of education. There are perceptible gains in the quality of education through the use of ICT due to: Progress and implementation of electronic based teaching technologies; Better access to the world and educational information resources; and Improvement of educational management based on the information system. Computer not only brings to the teaching learning process such attributes as excellence coupled with untiring patience but also plays an important role in solving various problems related to students, staff, maintenance of office record, teachers training etc. Hence a number of universities have focused on creating special Information Management System for their various units viz. library, staff, enrollees, academic-process, accounting etc. Apart from this, yet important role of computer lies in management of examination to make it easy, valid, reliable and fast. In view of Semester system with continuous comprehensive evaluation adopted by most of the departments of various universities, the manual system of recording and processing the results puts extra burden on the shoulders of already shrinking staff. Use of computer is simplifying the work of administrators and staff members so that they are able to think, plan and perform many other kind of responsibilities creatively.

 

OBJECTIVES

*To compare the mean scores of Reaction towards Examination Result Management Software (ERMS) of Hindi and English medium users.

*To compare the mean scores of Reaction towards Examination Result Management Software (ERMS) of male and female users.

* To compare the mean scores of Reaction towards Examination Result Management Software (ERMS) of Science and non-Science users.

* To study the effectiveness of developed software on the basis of users’ reaction towards ERMS.

 

HYPOTHESES

1.There will be no significant difference between mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS  of Hindi and English medium users.

2.There will be no significant difference between mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS  of male and female users.

3.There will be no significant difference between mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS  of Science and non-Science users.

 

SAMPLE

Sample comprised of total 55 users including students of B.Ed. and M.Ed. courses along with teaching and non-teaching staff of Institute of Education, Devi Ahilya University, Indore. Sample consisted of male and female, Science and non-Science background, and Hindi and English Medium users.

 

DEVELOPMENT OF ERMS

Examination Result Management Software (ERMS) for the study was developed in VB 6.0 . All the steps for developing computer software were followed. In the end, on the basis of experts and users suggestions some required modifications were made in ERMS.

 

TOOL

The tool used for data collection was developed by the investigator with inputs from the Guide, in the form of five-point reaction scale named “Reaction Towards ERMS Scale”. In this scale, out of 20 statements ten were positive and rest negative. The aspects covered in scale were related with user interface, data entry/data retrieval process, utility of ERMS, Quality of output, and data base security.

 

PROCEDURE OF DATA COLLECTION

For this study VDU and LCD projector were used for data collection. Having established rapport, the operation processes of ERMS were demonstrated. After demonstration, the users were permitted to exercise each menu option of ERMS. Reactions of users were taken with the help of developed Reaction Scale. Data were analyzed using independent t-test.

 

 

RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION

The results and interpretation of the data are presented below.

 

Comparison of mean Reaction scores of Hindi and English medium users

The First objective was to compare the mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of Hindi and English medium users. The value of t is 0.136 which is not significant at 0.05 level with df = 53, It reflects that the mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of Hindi and English medium users did not differ significantly. In the light of this the null hypotheses that there will be no significant difference between mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS  of Hindi and English medium users was retained. This fact makes both Hindi and English medium student at same level in terms of understanding the process of ERMS. Hence, the developed system was equally useful in terms of Reaction of Hindi and English medium users.

 

Comparison of mean Reaction scores of Male and Female users

The Second objective was to compare the mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of male and female users. The data related to this objective was analyzed with the help of Independent t-test. The value of t is 0.213 which is not significant at 0.05 level with df = 53, It reflects that the mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of male and female users did not differ significantly. In light of this the null hypotheses that, there will be no significant difference between mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of male and female users of IOE, was retained. Therefore, hardly any marked difference between the genders was found in respect of use of the system.

 

Comparison of mean Reaction scores of Science and Non-Science users –

The Third objective was to compare the mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of Science and non Science users. The data related to this objective was analyzed with the help of Independent t-test. The value of t is 0.756 which is not significant at 0.05 level with df = 53. It reflects that the mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of Science and non Science users did not differ significantly. On the basis of this the null hypotheses that, there will be no significant difference between mean scores of Reaction towards ERMS of Science and non Science users, was retained. Therefore, it may be said, that the developed ERMS was not found to be influenced by the subject streams of the users. Hence, the software was equally useful for Science and non Science groups of user.

 

The Effectiveness of developed ERMS on the basis of Reaction of Users

The Fourth objective was to study the effectiveness of developed software on the basis of Reaction towards ERMS.  The data related to this objective were analyzed by computing the mean and SD. The mean score of Reaction towards ERMS was 76.81 which is about 75% of maximum possible score, signifying a favourable Reaction towards ERMS. The SD was found to be 13.70, which was a bit large. It indicates that the subjects within group did vary to some extent in respect of their Reaction towards ERMS.

 

FINDINGS

The major findings were: There was no significant difference between Reactions of Hindi and English medium users towards ERMS.  There was no significant difference between Reactions of male and female users towards ERMS. There was no significant difference between Reactions of Science and non-Science users towards ERMS.  The users were found to react favorably towards developed ERMS.

 

IMPLICATIONS

The research has the following implications for the various personnel: The student teachers having knowledge of computer language can undertake such works for their would-be institutions. The developed software will also be useful for other faculties or institutions. The study has great importance as an action research for administrators to maintain students’ record on computer, getting various required information about students, running course, preparing result with minimal efforts, preparation of duplicate Grade cards as and when required. Database of a particular session can be kept on CDROM for future. This research work can provide strong base for further computerization of administrative works. Educational researchers can also be benefited in understanding the gaps, inconsistency in findings related to computer application in educational administration, especially in evaluation system.